U.S.A. Enacts 35 MPG Standard, Mandates Greater Ethanol Use

By 2020, the measure could trim US oil use by 1.1 million barrels a day, more than half the oil exported by Kuwait or Venezuela and equivalent to taking 28 million of today's vehicles off the road.

Published: 20-Dec-2007

WASHINGTON - A year of rhetoric, lobbying, veto threats, and negotiations ended yesterday as the House of Representatives voted 314 to 100 to pass an energy bill that President Bush is to sign today. The bill will raise fuelefficiency standards for automobiles, order a massive increase in the use of biofuels, and phase out sales of the ubiquitous incandescent light bulb popularized by Thomas Edison more than a century ago.

Lawmakers said the energy bill will reduce, though not eliminate, America's heavy reliance on imported oil and take a modest step toward slowing climate change by cutting about a quarter of the greenhouse gas emissions that most scientists say the United States must eliminate by 2030 to do its share to avert the most dire effects of global warming.

"It is a national security issue, it is an economic issue, it is an environmental issue, and therefore a health issue," said House Speaker Nancy Pelosi, Democrat of California. Dana Perino, White House press secretary, credited Bush, saying he "pushed Congress to pass this legislation all year." But congressional Democrats said they had withstood veto threats from Bush as well as heavy lobbying by automakers and coal companies before ultimately preserving much, though not all of what they wanted in the legislation.



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